Video presentation of the center

HIGHLIGHT: Grandes Conférences du WARC : Professor Cheikh Anta Babou (University of Pennsylvania) : “Little Senegal” : Comment les immigrants sénégalais se font une place dans l’espace économique et culturel de New York
Known for his seminal publications on Muridhya and on the founder and leader of that senegalese Muslim brotherhood, Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba, Professor Cheikh Anta Babou is also a member of Murid associations grouping thousands of senegalese established in many cities all over the United States. As such, he is a keen observer and analyst of the sociology of senegalese communities particularly in the New York City area. In his presentation, he showed how those people have been managing over decades to integrate the American economic fabric while struggling to preserve their cultural identity. However, with the gentrification of many parts of New York including Harlem (and the Bronx at an earlier date), their survival and residence in those areas have been threatened. Little Senegal is no longer what it used to be and the phrase may soon be siphoned out from the ordinary vocabulary characterizing New York City.

Pr Cheikh A.Babou & Pr Omar Guèye , UCAD

In his presentation, Professor Babou also painted a positive picture of immigration by extolling the contribution to the economy but also to cultural diversity while showing that migrant workers’ remittances, particularly in the case of Senegal, make up to 12 per cent of Senegal Gross Internal Product. He also showed that, despite some misrepresentations leading to believe that African youths are scrambling everyday to reach the shores of Europe and America, the majority of African migrants may leave their country but only to settle in neighboring territories. This is the case for South Sudanese in Uganda, Mauritanians, Guineans and Malians in Senegal, Zimbabweans, Kenyans and Tanzanians in South Africa etc……
27 people attended the event and many left after the presentation and ensuing discussions with a better understanding of migratory trends and their social, sociological, economic and cultural implications.


HIGHLIGHT: Les Grandes Conférences du WARC : Les Enjeux de la Laïcité : Regards Croisés sur les Débats Sahéliens
Following the international symposium “Debating Laicité in the Sahel: What Future for Secularism in the Sahel?” co-organized by the Sahel Research Group, University of Florida, the Centre d’Etudes des Religions, University Gaston Berger, Saint Louis, Senegal and the West African Research Center (WARC) on July 4th-5th, the above high level panel took place on July 8th in the main conference room of the Center in Dakar.

The Panel

Under the chairmanship of professor Leonardo Villalon, University of Florida and professor Abdourahmane Seck, University Gaston Berger, the floor was opened at 3pm for eminent specialists of the sahel to share their insights with the audience. Dr Rahmane Cissé (Niger), Dr Koudbi Kabore (Burkina Faso), Dr Boukary Sangaré (Mali) and Dr Remadji Hoinathy (Chad) took turns to share their experiences and findings on the issue of secularism in their respective countries. They amply dwelt on developments relating to the political history of their countries since independence or earlier to document the varying fates of secularism in Niger, primarily dominated by a Moslem majority, in Chad, in Mali and in Burkina Faso (a country led since independence by Christians who were the first ones to send their children to the French schools while moslems shunned European education for the sake of the preservation of their moslem culture…)
They also discussed efforts made to acclimatize secularism and give it a home grown hue based on the sociological, social, religious and political dynamics in their respective nations.
The presentations were particularly insightful and ground breaking and the public counting around 38 attendees engaged in edifying exchanges with the panelists.

HIGHLIGHT:Les Grandes Conferences du WARC: Re-claiming our Sovereignty: Decolonizing Knowledge and Re-centering Africa and African Epistemologie

Professor Marame Guèye, East Carolina University and Professor Oyeonke Oyewumi were the two panelists who discussed the above topic on Wednesday July 10th at the West African Research Center (WARC).

From left to right: Pr Marame Guèye & Pr Oyeonke Oyewumi

The two presenters forcefully argued for the needs to define new epistemologies in order to help African and other scholars better represent African realities, as it were, from a truly African lens, in order to paint and say things as they were and as they are on the continent. From academic scholarship to African politics, African languages, African religious beliefs, African cultural values and norms etc…, all areas were investigated by the two eminent scholars only to conclude to the need to define new parameters more in keeping with African specificities for the truth to be finally told.
Insightful exchanges were engaged in by the two scholars with the 35 attendees gathered in the conference room of the West African Research Center (WARC) in Dakar.

HIGHLIGHT: DIAS Fifth Annual Conference: The Critical Thinker-Doer: Higher Education and Knowledge Production for the Common Good

The Fifth Conference of the Dakar Institute of African Studies (DIAS) kicked off at WARC on Friday July 5th with words of welcome from the Director of WARC and the DIAS conference conveners, Drs Ibra Sene and Cheikh Thiam. Among the major issues discussed during the two-day gathering featured the decolonization of african studies, feminism in african studies, the provincialization of african studies – french style, post colonialism and the place of Africa in today’s world culture, Panafricanism in the 21st century, public and community service in academia, Negritude etc…….

Dr Cheikh Thiam , Ohio University, Pr Ousmane Sène, WARC Director & Dr Ibra Sène, College of Wooster at the opening ceremony

Participants numbering 57 came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the United States, Senegal, South Africa.
The conference folded Saturday, July 6th in the afternoon at WARC.





HIGHLIGHT: Workshop and Symposium: Debating Laicité in the Sahel: What Future for Secularism (WARC, 3-8 July, 2019)

Under the leadership of Professor Leonardo Villalon (University of Florida) and Professor Benjamin Soares (University of Florida), the workshop opened at WARC on Wednesday July 3rd with words of welcome from the Director of the West African Research Center (WARC) and representatives of the Sahel Research Group of the University of Florida and of the Centre d’Etude des Religions of University Gaston Berger (Saint Louis, Senegal).
Seminal presentations were made on the current situation in the Sahel region at a time when countries like Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger etc….are regularly affected by attacks staged by groups such as Boko Haram, ISIS allies in the Sahel etc …..

Pr L. Villalon, UFL, Pr O. Sène, WARC Director & Pr A. Seck, UGB readying for the opening ceremony

The workshop was attended by 15 participants from Senegal, Chad, Burkina Faso, Niger & the United States.





HIGHLIGHT: Art Exhibit and Panel Discussion on Tradition and Modernity in the Senegalese Wrestling Arena

Mamadou Ndiaye aka Thia is a creative artist whose paintings always feature various facets of Senegal’s homegrown sport: wrestling. From two wrestlers tussling and trying to fell each other by sheer athletic skill to drummers, dancers, singers and wrestling fans, Thia excels in portraying the multifarious faces of “lamb” (Senegalese wrestling).

Cow horn figures

His paintings, but also his other creations on wrestling made with cow horns, have been on display at WARC since Friday, July 5th and will remain on site for up to two weeks.
Prior to the official opening of the exhibit, a panel discussion was held at WARC on the same day with the contributions of Professor Djibril Seck (Institute of Sports, UCAD) who has extensively published on wrestling, Professor Babacar Mbaye Diop (Philosophy UCAD) who has done research on Thia’s aesthetics, Hyacinthe Ndiaye aka Manga II, a retired champion and one of the biggest names in Senegalese wrestling, Thierno Ka, the Vice-Chairman of the Senegalese National Council for the Management of Wrestling (CNG) and Professor Ousmane Sene (WARC) a wrestling aficionado.

The panel

The debate focused on the need to retain the positive heritage handed down to newer generation by the centuries-old sporting discipline and the urgent necessity to further codify and regulate wrestling activities in order to promote the traditional sport in world olympics and other international sporting competitions.
The event was attended by 50 people including retired wrestlers and other members of the larger public.

HIGHLIGHT: UNC-WARC Symposium: Gender, Social Behavior and Public Health

The University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill teamed up with the West African Research Center (WARC) for a symposium on Gender, Social Behavior and Public Health. The event took place in one of the Center’s conference rooms on Monday and Tuesday, June 17th-18th and was attended by faculty, health specialists, sociologists and other resource persons knowledgeable in the sector and hailing from the University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, University Cheikh Anta Diop (Dakar), University Gaston Berger (Saint Louis), donor organizations such as USAID and civil society entities such as COSEF (Conseil Senegalais des Femmes).

From Left to right : Mrs Rokhaya Camara, COSEF, Pr Ousmane Sène, WARC Director & Dr Maimouna Ndiaye Diouf , Intrahealth

During the proceedings, presentations focused on several issues and themes including mother-child health, domestic violence and health, women’s empowerment in the public health sector etc…..
Participants from the US (UNC) also discussed venues and opportunities for further collaboration with local practitioners and funding agencies and they were encouraged to consider research projects addressing a number of constraints and stumbling blocks in the implementation of initiatives aimed at improving services in the public health sector in Senegal and other West African countries.
The gathering was attended by 15 participants from both sides of the Atlantic.

HIGHLIGHT: Sembene Across Africa: Screening Le Mandat (The Money Order) all over the continent

This will be the third year Galle Ceddo projects has been teaming up with WARC and its network of partners in West Africa as well as other resource persons and institutions across the continent to launch the screening of one of Sembene Ousmane’s film (this year Manda Bi – The Money Order was selected) and/or Prof Samba Gadjigo’s documentary titled Sembene!
Over 20 screenings in 15 locations in Senegal and the rest of the continent were featured between June 14th and June 16th.

Screening at WARC
From left to right: Boris Diop, Pr Samba Gadjigo & Pr Ousmane Sène

The Director of WARC traveled in-country with Prof Gadjigo to screen the feature film Manda-bi in a small town and a village in the rural areas of Senegal as an effort to engage in the conversation and discussion around Sembene’s cinematographic work, his themes and messages with the grassroot populations.

A screening also took place at WARC with renowned Senegalese novelist and essayist Boubacar Boris Diop leading the discussions on Manda bi and Sembene’s legacy. The event was attended by……people.

HIGHLIGHT: Catherine Appert (Cornell University): In Hip Hop Time: Music, memory and Social Change in Urban Senegal

Music that appeals to the soul and pricks the mind egging it to an active consciousness of social issues in the nation: this is the ambition of the hip hop vein developed in Senegal since the 80’s and nicely branded Rap Galsen.
Dr Catherine Appert (Cornell University) spent time in Senegal researching the topic and, according to one of the most famous Senegalese rappers, Simon Kouka, who was on the panel on Friday, June 28th, he and his friends developed a lot of respect and admiration for this american researcher who did not simply cared for her pen and notebook but who did not hesitate to enjoy their frugal lifestyle.
For over two hours, Catherine and Simon exchanged with the audience composed of young musicians, other artists, academics and members of the larger public.
A total of 33 people attended the event.

HIGHLIGHT:13th Sports Africa Conference: Popular Sports, Mass Sports and Elite Sports in Everyday Africa (WARC, Dakar, June 20th, 21st, 22nd, 2019)

For ten years running, the Sports Africa Network, an affiliate of the African Studies Association (ASA), convened its first ten annual gatherings in the United States. After meeting for the first time on the continent in South Africa in 2017 and in Zambia in 2018, the conference was held for the very first time in a francophone african country thanks to the active cooperation and collaboration with the West African Research Center (WARC) in Dakar.

Opening ceremony

For three days 60 participants from 14 countries including Senegal, the United States, Nigeria, Cameroon, South Africa, France, Cote d’Ivoire etc…made presentations and held discussions on various aspects of sports in Africa: traditional sports, sports and health, sports and employment opportunities, sports and developments, sports, research and academia etc……
The event kicked off Thursday June 20th with an opening ceremony presided over by the Senegalese Ministry of Sports and wrapped up on Saturday, June 22nd with the words from Dr Gerard Akindes of Sports Africa Network, the Secretary General of the Conference of African Ministers of Sports (CONFEJES) and the Director of WARC.

HIGHLIGHT: ACLS/AHP Fellow’s presentation: Dr Asanda Benya: Going underground in South African platinum mines to explore women miners’ experiences.

Dr Asanda Benya

Women working in mines either in Europe, the US or in South Africa may look like an oddity because of the tasking working conditions but it can be traced back to the 17th century in England in particular. Indeed, for many, mining has always been perceived as exclusively reserved for men. And yet, Dr Asanda’s experience and research only go to prove that all such ideas are mere figments of the minds of men prompt to see the body as legitimation of gender bias and inequality. If stereotyping led to women being barred and banned from the mining industry in 1842 in places like the United Kingdom for instance, the urgencies and demands of the following two world wars (1914-1918 and 1939-1945) resulted in women returning to the pits. As a feminist, a socialist but also an academic with a sharp awareness of the traps and trappings of prejudice and discrimination – whether based on race, gender, religion or socio-economic considerations – Dr Benya enlisted as a miner and, for months, experienced the working and living conditions of miners in the South African platinum mines. Her commitment was an ample demonstration of the fact that genders need not be unequal since thereafter she certainly could declare to the four corners of South Africa and the work: “if they can do it, I can do it”…..
Also, that hand-on or observer participant experience coupled with Dr Benya’s established scholarship and sharp analytical capabilities promise to soon put in the academic market a ground breaking publication on the topic.
Dr Asanda Benya is currently an ACLS/ AHP fellow in residency at WARC and faculty in the Department of Sociology, University of Cape Town. Her presentation took place at WARC on Friday May 3rd and was moderated by the Center’s director. It was attended by over 15 people including several students from University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar.


HIGHLIGHT: Book Launch: College Universitaire d’Architecture de Dakar, edit: Matam: Construction enTerre Patrimoine Intemporel
(La Rochette Dakar, December 2018)

A series of beautifully written short essays coupled with a collection of alluring photographs to uphold the cause of senegalese and west african traditional architecture as can be admired in some neighborhoods of the town of Matam in the northern parts of Senegal. This could be a short introduction to the book Matam Construction en Terre Patrimoine Intemporel. The area is home to the Most Royal Lady of the celebrated novel Ambiguous Adventure and the author, Cheikh Hamidou Kane himself, has contributed a beautiful and insightful piece to the collection titled “Sur les Traces de la Grande Royale” (On the Footsteps of the Most Royal Lady).

left to right: Prof A. E. Kane ; Mr Baba Diop & WARC Director

An attempt to valorize and promote african traditional architecture, the Dakar University College of Architecture (a private institution) engaged in a project to document the functional nature of such buildings made with basic raw materials: earth, water, wood and thatch. In the past and in the present, such structures are built in order to serve as homes to men and women but also as shelters against extreme heat as well as extreme cold (Matam is not too far away from the Mauritanian Sahara desert). They also provide for many other human needs: privacy, intimacy, storage space, family organisation and hierarchy etc……The book is certainly a major contribution to efforts for the preservation of african heritage as the continent is busy forging its way to economic development, modernization and urbanization.
The launch which was moderated by WARC Director was held at the Center on Thursday May 2nd, 2019 and attended by no less than 65 people.

HIGHLIGHT: Dr Rhonda Jones(Fulbright Scholar, Department of English, UCAD): African / African American Encounters at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1880’s to Present.

Dr Rhonda Jones

It is a fact that the Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU’s) went a long way to contribute to the intellectual advancement of young black americans ever since their creation in the 1930’s .Institutions such as Tuskegee, Morehouse, Howard, Lincoln University, Emory are known as outstanding teaching and research establishments which paved the way to black scholarship and intellectual excellence in America. But such universities and colleges also opened their doors to many black young men and women from the african continent and several of the first leaders of a number of anglophone african countries were trained in the HBCU’s: from Tom Mboya (Kenya) to Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe (Nigeria) without forgetting one of the fathers of panafricanism, Kwame Nkrumah. Many partnerships were entered on the two sides of the Atlantic which, from the 40’s onward, played a major role in training the brains and minds which would spearhead the struggle for independence and subsequently become the leaders of the young african nations emerging from the late 50’s onward.
Many episodes of that experience were shared between Dr Jones and the audience including the 3-year stay of Justice Thurgood Marshall in Kenya to help Mboya and Kenyatta draft the first version of Kenyan constitution.
The session which was moderated by the Director of the West African Research Center (WARC) convened at WARC on Tuesday, April 30 and was attended by over 20 people.

HIGHLIGHT:  Workshop: Launching Platform V2A (the Virtual Village for African Arts)

The event was hosted by the West African Research Center(WARC) on Saturday, May 4th, 2019. Among other activities, it featured a panel discussion on “les industries culturelles à l’ère de la numérisation” (cultural industries in the age of digitization), an exhibit of paintings by six senegalese artists. The initiative was moved by journalist and writer Fara Sambe and his partners with the support and patronage of a number of institutions including WARC(which made its space available for free) and other art and culture supporters.

Samples of the art works exhibited at WARC

The goal aimed at was not only to discuss and better grasp the challenge of digitization and its potential threat to the development of artistic talents and creativity in Senegal and the rest of the continent but also to explore venues for artists to convene and talk to each other in an attempt to secure themselves from precarity and uncertain rainy days in the future.
After the event, a number of paintings made by six talented senegalese painters were left behind to hang on and decorate WARC walls for two weeks.
The workshop and its attending other activities were attended by 20 people.

HIGHLIGHT: A new evaluation and analytical program opens at WARC

This past month WARC’s Evaluation and Analytical Services program (WARC-EAS) recruited ten participants to take part in a trial training in Program Monitoring and Evaluation. WARC-EAS is committed to disseminating knowledge and strengthening monitoring and evaluation skills within local, regional and international organizations. The program intends to offer trainings that meet international standards in order to help meet the ever-increasing need for monitoring and evaluation in a results-based management context where monitoring, analysis, evaluation, and adaptation are essential factors for the success of development policies, projects and programs.

The hybrid format of the training was very successful with three classroom sessions at WARC and the remaining lessons and exams online. Friday, April 5th, Director Ousmane Séne, presented each participant with a certificate of participation and completion. WARC-EAS will make their official, paid trainings available to the public by May 4th. We highly encourage you to follow us on Facebook (WARC-EAS: West African Research Center- Evaluation and Analytical Services) in order to stay up-to-date with all of our services and training options.

It should be emphasized that the young women and men trained at WARC as part of this program will serve as resource persons to researchers affiliated with the center and whose research projects will need some local assistance and support.

This new opportunity was made possible thanks to the training and small financial support offered WARC a few years ago by the Mitchell Group , the University of Pittsburg & USAID.

HIGHLIGHT Les Grandes Conférences du WARC :Steven McCarthy: Minnesota Design and the African Diaspora

The presentation offered by Steven McCarthy, Professor of Graphic Design at the University of Minnesota – Saint Paul at WARC on Tuesday, March 5th started with a slide show featuring, among others, a small conference room with two photos: the first one taken a hundred years ago with european faces all over and the second taken a few months ago with european african and asian faces.

A view of the audience

This testifies to the changing demographics which have been noted in Minneapolis and other places in Minnesota in the late 20th century and early 21st century. Indeed, twenty percent of Minnesota’s recent immigrants are Africans (mostly Somalis and Ethiopians). What makes this rather cold place – settled by Scandinavian, German and Irish immigrants but already home to many Native Americans – so attractive to new residents?
This is the question Professor McCarthy endeavored to answer during his presentation while showing the cultural variety of the place with a show and discussion of various graphic designs particularly from Somali residents.

Pr O. Sène, WARC Director & Pr Steven McCarthy, University of Minnesota

The event was attended by 15 people who were impressed by the developing cultural diversity of Minneapolis and other places in Minnesota and also keen to discuss issues relating to migration trends.

HIGHLIGHT:Black History Month: 13th, a documentary film on race, justice and mass incarceration in the US

On Thursday, March 7th, the West African Research Center (WARC) wrapped up the celebration of Black History Month with the presentation of the documentary film 13th dealing with the intersection between race, justice and mass incarceration in the United States.
The documentary made by Ava DuVernay the director of the celebrated film Selma amply illustrates the consequences of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the US which freed the slaves and prohibited slavery with the exception of slavery as punishment for a crime.

Pr Jemadari Kamara , University of Massachusetts

The increasing population in prisons in the US was largely discussed and the predominance of black and latino inmates analyzed in light of the uneasy race relations in the country.
The film was presented and subsequent discussions led by Professor Jemadari Kamara (University of Massachusetts at Boston), a former treasurer of the West African Research Association (WARA). The event was attended by 27 people.

HIGHLIGHT:WARC PUBLIC LECTURE SERIES: Democratie et Processus Electoral au Senegal: Evolution Consolidante ou Deconsolidante?

This panel chaired by Professor Leo Villalon (University of Florida, Gainesville) was held at WARC on Thursday February 28th, the day when the results of the recently held presidential election in Senegal were released. Because of that coincidence, one of the panelists did not attend as he preferred to stay home in case of street violence.

Members of the panel

This was exactly the reason why the Director of WARC submitted the panel topic to the analysis of experts who, apart from Prof Villalon, included Professor Ousmane Khouma, from the Faculty of Law and Political Science, University Cheikh Anta Diop and Mr Waldiodio Ndiaye, an election specialist and prominent member of the Senegalese Civil Society.
All of them listed the various initiatives which, over the years, have contributed to consolidating the Senegalese democracy and making election processes more transparent and reliable. They also lamented the pitched positions of the majority and the opposition leaders who should promote dialogue and discussions to reach minimal agreement and consensus on a number of issues likely to make of elections in this country more peaceful processes.

The audience

The panel was attended by 45 people who engaged in lively and productive exchanges with the experts.

HIGHLIGHT:William Greaves: First World Festival of Negro Arts (A documentary film) Tuesday February 26 at 4 pm at WARC

April 1966: Dakar, the senegalese capital with no traffic jam, no litter (plastic) in the streets, the senegalese women’s hair do’s and head ties, but also the various african choreographies and drum beats and sounds, the steel drums and calypso sounds as well as the various delegations of participants from all over Africa, the Black Diaspora and the rest of the world. Those are the beautiful images captured by William Greaves in his short document.

WARC Director introducing the movie

The film also mixes images and words, particularly from Langston Hughes’s celebrated poem “I Have Know Rivers” and the recurring question “Who Am I?” and the answer: “I am Senegal, Togo, Ethiopia, Trinidad, Harlem…” etc…. to acknowledge and illustrate the composite and multifarious identify of the African American and other human beings on the planet.
The audience (25 people) who attended particularly enjoyed the film and engaged in lively and insightful discussions of the various themes offered them as food for thought with the Director of WARC moderating the debate.
This was another event celebrating Black History Month at the West African Research Center (WARC).

HIGHLIGHT: Black History Month at WARC: John Coltrane: Creativity and Spirituality

The first event celebrating Black History Month at the West African Research Center (WARC), in Dakar took place on Thursday, February 7th, 2019 and featured the document Chasing Coltrane.

John Coltrane

The 60 seats of the conference room of the Center, which hosted the activity, were all occupied well before the start time and the facilitator of the day, Professor Maguèye Kasse, a faculty of the Department of German Studies, UCAD, and a great jazz connoisseur, brillantly introduced the film and expertly led the discussions which followed after the screening.

Alice, John Coltrane’s wife

Coltrane, indeed, amply deserves the tribute, not only as a genius of Jazz and a trailblazer in that musicial expression, but also as a compassionate, humane militant of universal peace.

He teamed up with Martin Luther King in the agonizing events of Birmingham (Alabama) and also went to Japan to perform and lament the Nagasaki tragedy. Playing music was a major endeavor for him as his objective always was to cultivate peace and universal harmony and “make mankind happy”.

HIGHLIGHT: “Mouvement Citoyen” Panel Discussion at WARC: Pour une Election Presidentielle Zéro Violence au Senegal (For a Presidential Election with no Violence in Senegal)

The panel was organized Wednesday, February 6th by a major component of the senegalese civil society, the Mouvement Citoyen, in collaboration with the West African Research Center (WARC).
Violence in politics, and particularly at election times, has always been the lamented scourge of democracy in Senegal and, with the presidential election just less than three weeks away, it was thought appropriate to convene the general public, reporters and researchers to engage in discussions likely to shed light on the hazards of political violence with the hope that the upcoming presidential election scheduled on February 24th will be another uneventful democratic exercise.

The Panelists

Several topics were addressed by the panelists including: The History of Elections in Africa: Stakes and Challenges (Professor Abderahmane Ngaide, Department of History, UCAD), Election and Political Violence in Senegal (Professor Souleymane Gomis, Sociology, UCAD), the Role of Citizens in the Management of Free and Democratic Elections (Professor Ousmane Séne, WARC Director). The proceedings were co-moderated by Professor Penda Mbow (History, UCAD and Founder of the Mouvement Citoyen) and Dr Ousmane Ba (Sociology, UCAD and Director of the Political Section in the Mouvement Citoyen).
Over two hours, the panelists engaged in fruitful exchanges with participants with the event being covered by several local media for the populations in the country to get the message and further determine to vote and avert violence on the appointed day. Professor Ousmane Sene also produced a breviary including ten recommendations encouraging voters to cast their ballots with discipline but also exercise tolerance for other people to do the same and accept results culled from the ballot boxes regardless of the winner who will be proclaimed President of the Republic of Senegal in the evening of Sunday, February 24th.

Le Vade Mecum ou Bréviaire de l’Electeur Citoyen
(Par Ousmane Sène, Directeur WARC)

Mbokku Senegal: Ci-dessous, vous trouverez dix recommandations qui, si elles sont suivies et respectées par esprit citoyen et donc civique, contribueront, au-delà de l’échéance électorale du 24 Février 2019, à mieux asseoir, consolider et civiliser le jeu démocratique dans ce pays qui gère des processus électoraux depuis plus d’un siècle. Ce faisant et à l’instar d’autres démocraties de la sous-région, nous aurons contribué à faire mieux entendre et faire respecter la voix et le vœu de nos populations pour amorcer des embellies et percées économiques, sociales et politiques durables pour une Afrique unie, paisible et prospère.

1. Je suis un électeur avec une bonne conscience citoyenne: j’ai déjà retiré ma carte d’électeur
2. Je me veux un électeur citoyen: je n’ai pas encore retiré ma carte d’électeur et je vais le faire, quoi qu’il m’en coûte, avant le 24 Février pour pouvoir voter
3. Ma carte d’électeur et d’identité CDEAO est le document le plus précieux que je puisse avoir par devers moi. Je ferai tout pour ne jamais l’égarer.
4. Le jour du vote, je me présenterai à mon centre de vote et ferai tranquillement et patiemment la queue devant mon bureau de vote.
5. Ma carte d’électeur est le gage de ma citoyenneté et le garant de mes droits et obligations en tant que tel. Je ne laisserai personne me ravir mon statut citoyen par un achat de conscience, aussi alléchante que l’offre puisse être. La dignité ne se monnaie pas.
6. Si le numéro de mon bureau de votre a été changé à mon insu, je ferai preuve de citoyenneté et chercherai mon nouveau bureau ou je ferai la queue en toute quiétude et patience.
7. Je me présenterai devant les membres du bureau muni de ma carte, prendrai les bulletins une fois ma carte vérifiée et mon nom identifié, et me retirerai devant l’urne pour y mettre le bulletin de mon choix.
8. Je signerai en bonne et due forme et tremperai mon doigt dans l’encre indélébile (si c’est requis) pour authentifier l’accomplissement de mes devoir et obligation citoyens.
9. Je ne m’attarderai pas devant le centre de vote une fois mon devoir accompli. Je rentrerai chez moi. Je m’occuperai tranquillement comme je le fais chaque weekend en attendant les résultats provisoires. J’ai voté pour mon candidat et je reconnais aussi aux autres le privilège de voter en toute liberté et toute latitude pour le candidat de leur choix. Je peux être partisan mais pas intolérant.
10. Je resterai chez moi devant la radio ou la télé à écouter l’annonce des résultats provisoires. Les tendances me sont favorables: je contiens ma joie ou l’exprime dans mon salon. Les résultats commencent à être défavorables, je contiens mes sentiments et ne manifesterai pas ma déception par des actes de violence dans la rue. Mon pays, le Sénégal se construit dans la paix. La violence détruit l’œuvre et les sacrifices de mes aïeux, de mes parents ainsi que celle de ma génération dans ce pays. Je ne la laisserai pas m’aveugler et m’aiguillonner vers une folie destructrice. Senegal benn bopp la, ken mënukoo xar ñaar!

HIGHLIGHT: The Surabhi Ensemble Performs at WARC

On Friday January 25, 2019, from 6pm to 7:30pm, the WARC premises were visited by a mix of beautiful and enticing oriental, western and african sounds professionally distilled by the talented musicians and dancers of the Surabhi Ensemble.

Sarawasti at her veena

A few months ago, the leader of the group, Mrs Larissa Rolley, had approached WARC for suggestions on places where they could perform in Dakar as part of their international tour. The group, among others, features its founder Mrs Saraswathi, a great player of the Indian wind instrument, the veena, and the senegalese talking drum player Massamba Diop who is featured in the soundtrack of the film Black Panther.

A WARC staff dancing to the Surabhi music

The mission of the Surabhi Ensemble is to demonstrate the importance of cross-cultural exchange and to teach a positive message of togetherness by educating, performing and demonstrating new works of music and dance. Members of the Surabhi Ensemble also work with hospitals and community organizations to share this positive message of cultural unity and community outreach.

HIGHLIGHT:Book Launch: Felwine Sarr and Benedicte Savoy: Restituer le Patrimoine Africain(Repatriating Africa’s Cultural Heritage)

From left to right: Dr Bado Ndoye, Pr Achille Mbembe, Pr Felwine Sarr & Pr Ousmane Sène

(Editions Seuil/Phillipe Rey, 2018)

The book results from the report the two authors submitted to President Emmanuel Macron, who, very early in his presidency, pledged to give back to african countries artefacts and art objects which, since the colonial days or earlier, have been kept in french museums. The move was not without creating some commotion in cu

A view of the audience

ltural and other circles in Europe and particularly in France but the decision has started being gradually implemented as witnessed by the collaborative efforts engaged in by the Quai Branly Museum in France and the recently inaugurated Musée des Civilisations Noires (Museum of Black Civilisations) in Dakar, Senegal, to repatriate to Dakar Senegal art objects and artefacts..

The panel including one of the authors, Professor Felwine Sarr, also featured the distinguished african historian and social scientist, Professor Achile Mbembe, currently a faculty at the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa, and professor Bado Ndoye of the Department of Philosophy, Universiy Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar.

The book itself and the issues of repatriation and reparations, among others, kindled the lively debate which followed the presentation of the book. The participants hailed the french initiative, the production of the report and the book by Felwine Sarr and Benedicte Savoy but also the building and recent opening of the Museum of Black Civilizations in the senegalese capital. The 150 attendees only lamented the fact that the book was too quickly sold out and are looking forward to its second edition.

HIGHLIGHT: CAORC/WARC Professional Development Seminar: Diversity, Religion and Migration in West Africa

The seminar organized by the Council of American Overseas Research Centers (CAORC, Washington DC) and the West African Research Center (WARC, Dakar) took place in Senegal on January 6-23, 2019.It was coordinated by Professor Mbye Cham (Howard University) and Dr Charity Clay (Xavier University, New Orleans) and attended by seventeen faculty from Puerto Rico, Virginia, California, Texas, Indiana, Maryland, Illinois, Arizona, New York and Georgia.

A partial view of participants

The seminar was also sponsored by the following Title VI African National Resource Centers (NRC): Boston University African Studies Center, University of California-Berkeley Center for African Studies, Howard University Center for African Studies, Indiana University African Studies Program, University of Kansas African Studies Program, Michigan State University African Studies Program and University of Wisconsin-Madison African Studies Program.

Group coordinator Prof Mbye Cham with WARC Director at the welcome dinner

Over two weeks, participants attended presentations, film screenings and other activities covering the theme of the seminar: diversity, religion and migration in West Africa. They also traveled and discovered other parts and realities of the country from North (Saint Louis) to central Senegal (Touba) as well as the south central landscapes, small towns and villages of the country (Toubacouta and environs near the Gambian border). They had the chance to see and experience ethnic, religious, cultural, social and economic diversities and migratory trends while traveling or attending lectures and watching films and documentaries.

According to participants, the seminar has been a major contribution to their better understanding of west african realities and to the significant improvement of their teachings on Africa in their various universities and community colleges. It is hoped that other faculty from the United States will be offered the same opportunity in years to come.

HIGHLIGHT: Book Launch: Ousmane Oumar Kane: Les Senegalais d’Amerique: Islam, Transnationalisme, Integration(Editions Cerdis, janvier 2019)

The book mentioned above is the french translation of the original which was published in 2011 by the Oxford University Press, New York under the title: The Homeland is the Arena. Religion, Transnationalism and the Integration of Senegalese Immigrants in America.

The Panel

The event drew a large crowd in one of the WARC conference rooms and was widely covered by local media on Friday, January 18th, 2019. The panel set up to discuss the book included Dr Ebrima Sall former Codesria Executive Secretary and currently Executive Director of TrustAfrica, member of parliament and distinguished religious leader, Serigne Mansour Sy Jamil, the panel chair Professor Bouna Mouhamed Seck, retired faculty at University Cheikh Anta Diop and currently Chief of Staff of the Speaker of the Senegalese National Assembly, and Professor Ousmane Sene, WARC Director.

A view of the audience

The various panelists underscored the quality of the essay with its in-depth research and analysis of various issues relating to immigration, transnationalism, cultural rootedness and integration. The role played by faith in the various social and sociological situations challenging migrants was also amply discussed.
The book was unanimously hailed as an excellent resource for researchers interested in the sociology of migration, in cross-cultural experiences but also in the role played by religion (Islam in particular) in the lives of Senegalese and other Africans on the continent or abroad.
The event was attended by 99 people.

HIGHLIGHT:  Book Presentation and Dedication: Dr Rhamane Idrissa:
Islam et Politique au Sahel: entre Persuasion et Violence, EPGA Niamey 2018
(The Politics of Islam in the Sahel: Between Persuasion and Violence, Routledge, London, June 2017)

The essay was presented to the public in its french version on Friday, December 28th, 2018 at the West African Research Center (WARC) in Dakar. The panelists included the author himself and colleagues from the Department of Philosophy, University Cheikh Anta Diop, namely Dr Hady Ba and Dr Bado Ndoye.
After the welcome words from the Director of WARC, the panelists started exploring and analysing the contents of the five chapters of the book focusing particularly on the politics of Islam in countries such as Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, Mali and Nigeria. Through those Sahelian case studies, the essay endeavors to make the difference between Islam and political ideologies which strive to secure political power in order to rule and change society. Although such ideologies draw their legitimacy from religion, the author clearly shows that they are mere temporal attempts and initiatives defined by their confrontation with other ideologies – either liberal or progressive – within the arena of the nation state (the five sahelian countries under scrutiny).
The issues raised and discussed by the various panelists and the author were followed by lively questions and contributions from the audience composed of 25 people including academics, political analysts, students, reporters and the larger public.
The author, Dr Rahmane Idrissa, is a political scientist from Niger currently teaching and doing research at the Center of African Studies of the University of Leyden, The Netherlands.


Dr Mamadou Bodian & Dr Bose Babatunde

Researchers’ Mini Seminar: Dr Abosede Omowumi Babatunde: Oil and Conflict in Nigeria: Towards Traditional Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution.

On December 27th, 2018, Dr. Abosede Omowumi Babatunde from the University of Ilorin, (Nigeria) gave a presentation on the topic “Oil and Conflict in Nigeria: Towards Traditional Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution,” at the West African Research Center (WARC)) in Dakar.
Dr. Babatunde, a fellow of the African Humanities program (AHP) of the American Councils for Learned Societies (ACLS), argued that conflict over oil exploitation by multinational oil companies has manifested in different forms in the Niger Delta, including intra and inter-communal conflicts. Focusing on the specific case of Ilaje – a local government area in Ondo State located near the Atlantic coast, she revealed that ownership of land rich in oil has often yielded substantial monetary compensations to local communities. This factor has occasionally exacerbated communal disputes over oil-rich land and fishing areas, particularly in host communities and impacted such communities.
Dr. Babatunde noted that most of the studies on conflict resolution focus on modern methods that are of limited effectiveness in the African context. She went on to explain how traditional mechanisms of conflict resolution (namely culture and belief system) have been used to resolve conflicts in Angola, Rwanda, Sierra Leone….

Dr Bose Babatunde

Like elsewhere in the oil-producing area of Niger Delta, communal disturbances have become a persistent feature in Ilaje. However, the cultural and belief system (traditional institutions, sacred codes, social control mechanisms, and shrines) of this community have been effectively mobilized in a creative way to resolve the destructive consequences of oil-related conflicts. Nevertheless, given the conservative nature of traditional methods, Dr. Babatunde suggested a combination of both traditional and modern approaches to conflict resolution.
In response to questions from the audience worried about the forthcoming exploitation of oil in Senegal, Dr. Babatunde warned that multinational oil corporations are more concerned about profit maximization at the expense of investments beneficial to host communities. Drawing from the experience of Nigerian regarding oil exploration and exploitation, Dr. Babatunde recommended that state officials in Senegal formulate and enforce policies that are respectful of international environmental standards. They should also make sure that people participate in the decision making processes and ensure a fair redistribution of oil revenues.

The event , which was facilitated by Dr Mamadou Bodian ( PhD in Political Science, University of Florida / Gainesville) , was attended by over 20 people.

HIGHLIGHT: International Conference at WARC: Life History and Memographie: Encountering Socio-religious Change in Northwest Africa

The conference, sponsored by the Global Religious Research Initiative (Notre Dame University and the Templeton Foundation), the Alliance Francaise, LAPSAD (University Gaston Berger, Senegal) and the Institute for Religion, Culture and Public Life (Columbia University), was held at the West African Research Center on December 13-15 with some 20 participants coming from West Africa, North Africa, the United States and Europe. Religion and personal lives and narratives, religion and social changes, religion and diversity, religion and the need to adjust to changing times and life circumstances were among the major themes discussed during the gathering by the scholars, academics and graduate students who attended.

The conference also featured a public lecture offered by a Columbia University faculty, Professor Souleymane Bachir Diagne, on the theme: Islam dans l’Ouest Africain: Pour une Philosophie d’Ouverture aux Temps qui Changent(Islam in West Africa: for a Philosophy of Openness to Changing Times).

For Professor Diagne, the problem facing the world nowadays is “the absolute refusal to accept pluralism”. Many other relevant topics were also adressed by the speaker. The lecture was attended by 87people including academics, researchers, students and the larger public.

HIGHLIGHT : Country Representatives of the Library of Congress West Africa Acquisitions Project(WAAP) attend workshop at WARC

On October 15-17, country representatives from 11 african countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’ivoire, The Gambia, Guinea-Conakry, Mali, Niger, Central African Republic, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo) gathered in Dakar to discuss and exchange on a number of issues with the view to improving the performances of the project. The representative from Chad could not make it to Dakar for last-minute professional impediments. The opportunity to meet in Dakar was much appreciated by the country reps who, along with the Library of Congress official, Mrs Angela Kinney, the CAORC representative Katie Jost, the Director of WARC, the project coordinator, Atoumane Mbay, and other people involved, amply dwelt on their experiences as implementors of the project in their respective countries. Among issues addressed during the two-day meeting featured the timely shipment of acquisitions, the quantity and quality of collections, selection and budget guidelines, possible acquiring of electronic and digital resources, areas of collection as well as a virtual webinar on BestMARC with Cindy Beerkircher, Director of Operations Mitinet.

After a bib reps’ roundtable on the future and goals of the WAAP project, resolutions and recommendations were made for an improved execution of the project although, according to the LOC representative, Mrs Angela Kinney, results so far achieved were very stimulating and encouraging.

The workshop was closed on Wednesday October 17 by the Director of WARC and the project country reps returned home with the pledge and determination to continue working for the full success of the WAAP project.

HIGHLIGHT: Opening Ceremony of the Museum of Black Civilizations

Before the official opening on Thursday, December 6th, 2018, a number of events were organized over the last two years for the pre-figuration and configuration of the Museum of Black Civilizations recently erected in Dakar.

The West African Research Center (WARC) contributed to those events by teaming up with the staff of the Museum and helping identify resource persons to be involved in the process, chiefly from museums and other institutions in the United States.

The Museum was officlally inaugurated on Thursday December 6th by the President of Senegal and the event took place in the premises of the structure and at the neigboring Grand Theatre which, for the occasion, was full to capacity.

The various speakers of the day, including the President himself and the Vice Chancellor of University Cheikh Anta Diop, Professor Ibrahima Thioub, while reminding the audience that the idea of such a museum dated back to the first days of independence with President L.S. Senghor,  insisted on the fact that the Museum was created to promote and vindicate the active presence of Africa and the black man in world history while stressing the necessary interactions with other continents and other human groups in the past, the present and the future.

The opening was followed, on Saturday December 8th, by an inaugural colloquium on the topic “Reclaiming Black Civilizations. Finishing the Decolonization Process”. Many specialists from the United States, Europe and the African continent attended and made insightful contributions to the colloquium.

HIGHLIGHT: Book Presentation and Dedication

Macky Sall: Le Sénégal au Coeur (Editions Cherche-Midi, Novembre 2018)

The West African Research Center was recognized and honored when its Director was called upon for a critical reading and presentation of the book recently published by the President of the Republic of Senegal, Macky Sall, who, according to his words, need to engage in a one-to-one conversation with the senegalese people and the rest of the world to better represent his personality and the content of his character to them. The essay is titled: Le Senegal au Coeur (Senegal in my heart and soul).

In the book, as the Director of WARC noted on Tuesday, December 11th at the Terrou Bi hotel, the venue of the event, the author appears in three postures: the political leader (less conspicuous), the head of state (challenging himself about his mission and also the burden of power and responsibility) but, most importantly, the private person as a father, a husband and a citizen (closer and rather likeable).

As agreed with organizers, the Director of WARC did not discuss debatable political issues (the essay does not include many of those) but dwelt, rather on those aspects reflecting the personality of the President as a private person and as a family man and member and underscored some moving chapters in the essay: when Macky Sall, in his “long march”, (after being sacked as Prime Minister and subsequently as President (Speaker) of the National Assembly), engaged in long and trying peregrinations to the four corners of deep Senegal to experience challenging circumstances under which senegalese people (specially rural populations) lived in their hamlets and villages with no electricity, no running water and far away health care units.

The Director of WARC also elaborated on the narrative style of the essay: simple sentences, ordinary vocabulary, hardly any circumvoluted phrases and expressions. Just a conversational style to engage in a dialogue with readers.

The presentation was completed by the other two panelists who explored and analyzed political issues and such as reflected in the essay.

The event was attended by no less than 600 people including diplomats, high-level officials of the senegalese government, political leaders and reporters.

HIGHLIGHT: The BU African Studies Center reaches out to WARC to consolidate cooperation and collaborative initiatives

The Director of the Boston University African Studies Center, Professor Fallou Ngom, and the Center’s Assistant Director, Dr Eric Schmidt, visited the West African Research Center (WARC) on Tuesday, July 31st, for a highly promising meeting with the WARC Director and some of his collaborators.

BU delegation meeting with WARC Director and staff

BU delegation meeting with WARC Director and staff

The purpose of the visit was to explore ways and means to consolidate the already very productive collaboration between the two institutions. As Professor Fallou Ngom (BU) and Professor Sene (WARC) agreed, the collaborative effort which has been operating between the two centers so far has been grounded on mutual trust and confidence, accountability, professionalism and the same eagerness to serve the academic, research and student communities on both sides of the Atlantic.

The successes already recorded in the various joint efforts engaged in by WARC and the BU African Studies Center are encouraging enough to warrantee the consolidation of the achievements recorded so far and explore other avenues for collaboration and mutual support.

In this respect, the African Studies Center will offer opportunities for training and human resource development to WARC staff in a number of areas; WARC will also serve as the hub of a number of activities to be initiated by the African Studies Center such as Phd opportunities for mandinka speaking graduate students in the Gambia and Senegal. Also, at the end of the Ajami project, funds will be provided to equip WARC with a server to support the activities of the Center’s library.

Study abroad activities were also discussed at length and, with the extensive experience of WARC in that area, the BU African Studies Center will be soon launching a program based at the West African Research Center in Dakar.

BU African Studies Center Assistant Director handing donated books to Adama, WARC Chief Librarian

BU African Studies Center Assistant Director handing donated books to Adama, WARC Chief Librarian

It should be noted that the BU African Studies Center has been hosting for years the office of the WARC governing body, the West African Research Association (WARA) on the BU campus in Boston.

HIGHLIGHT: Book Launch: Alioune Diop: Gouvernance des Diversités: Enjeu de Prévention de Conflits en Afrique (L’Harmattan-Senegal, 2018)

The author, Alioune Diop, is a retired colonel of the Senegalese armed forces who, for a long time, served in various international organisations operating in the world for peace keeping and the prevention of conflicts. The book he wrote is a compendium of his experience in the field specially with his long-time involvement in peace keeping and crisis solving on the african continent.

Panelists including the author , Colonel Diop

Panelists including the author , Colonel Diop

For the occasion, a number of experts were lined up for the panel presided over by writer and former senegalese minister of culture Makhily Gassama.
Colonel Diop, who also participated in the WARC/RESOLVE international workshop on Developing the Next Research Agenda for the Study of Violent Extremism in North Africa and the Sahel (WARC, July 18-19, 2018), was praised for his penmanship but also for his insightful observations on the causes of crises and unrests on the continent and his perceptive analysis of diversities as assets rather than channels for the disruption of peace among communities.

A view of the audience

A view of the audience

The event was attended by 120 people including high ranking officers in the Senegalese army, officials from the diplomatic sector and many scholars and researchers interested in the subject.

Le Soleil – Jeudi 26 Juillet 2018- Page 17



HIGHLIGHT:  Resolve Network International Workshop: Charting Research Priorities: Developing the next Research Agenda for the Study of Violent Extremism in North Africa and the Sahel.

An international workshop on the above topic was hosted on July 18-19 at the West African Research Center (WARC) as the first illustration of a developing partnership between the Center and the Resolve Network of the United States Institute of Peace.
The meeting was attended by 31 participants from the United States, Nigeria, Tunisia, Chad, Cameroon, Mali , Lybia & Senegal to discuss research issues and strategies to better grasp the intricate nexus of violent extremism in North Africa and the Sahel.

The family picture.

The family picture.

Over those two days, participants shared their views on many research questions relating to violent extemism. Research methodologies, research challenges and priorities were discussed by the experts attending and it is hoped that the proceedings will be a major contribution to better understanding and better countering violent extremisism in the african regions targeted but also in the rest of the continent and the world.

The closing session

The closing session

The workshop was convened by the West African Research Center as the first step toward a more active and productive collaboration between the Dakar-based Center and the Resolve Network.

HIGHLIGHT:  The 4th international conference of the Dakar Institute opens at WARC

For four years running, the Dakar Institute of African Studies (DIAS) mostly grouping young african faculty teaching in US and west african universities has been convening high-level international conferences on various topics and subjects relevant to current issues on the continent and in the area of the social sciences and the humanities.
This year’s topic focused on “Bridging the Gap: Black Studies Across Social, Geographic, Epistemic and Linguistic Lines


From left to right: Pr Ousmane Sène , WARC Director, Pr Ibrahima Thioub , Rector of UCAD & Pr Ibra Sène, DIAS President

From left to right: Pr Ousmane Sène , WARC Director, Pr Ibrahima Thioub , Rector of UCAD & Pr Ibra Sène, DIAS President

The annual event was attended this year by no less than 60 young scholars hailing from various countries and regions including Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, the Caribbean and the USA.

A View of the audience

A View of the audience

WARC and University Cheikh Anta Diop have been offering their premises to host the event and, this year, the opening ceremony took place in the WARC DAART Conference room and was presided over by the Rector of UCAD, Professor Ibrahima Thioub and the Director of WARC, Professor Ousmane Sene.